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Study in North Cyprus

Geography and Location

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Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is a self-declared state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of 
The third-largest island in the Mediterranean (one and one-half times the size of Delaware), Cyprus lies off the southern coast of Turkey and the western shore of Syria. The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 6,406 ft (1,953 m).

Climate

The Mediterranean climate, warm and rather dry, with rainfall mainly between November and March, favors agriculture. In general, the island experiences mild wet winters and dry hot summers. Variations in temperature and rainfall are governed by altitude and, to a lesser extent, distance from the coast. Hot, dry summers from mid-May to mid-September and rainy, rather changeable winters from November to mid-March are separated by short autumn and spring seasons.

History and Population

Cyprus was the site of early Phoenician and Greek colonies. For centuries its rule passed through many hands. It fell to the Turks in 1571, and a large Turkish colony settled on the island.
In World War I, at the outbreak of hostilities with Turkey, Britain annexed the island. It was declared a Crown colony in 1925. The Greek population, which regarded Greece as its mother country, sought self-determination and union (enosis) with Greece. In 1955, a guerrilla war against British rule was launched by the National Organization of Cypriot Combatants (EOKA). In 1958, Greek Cypriot nationalist leader Archbishop Makarios began calling for Cypriot independence rather than union with Greece. During this period, Turkish Cypriots began demanding that the island be partitioned between the Greek and Turkish populations.
Cyprus became an independent nation on Aug. 16, 1960, after Greek and Turkish Cypriots agreed on a constitution, which excluded both the possibility of partition as well as of union with Greece. Makarios became the country's first president.

Fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots flared up in the early 1960s, and a UN peacekeeping force was sent to the island in 1965. On July 15, 1974, Archbishop Makarios was overthrown in a military coup led by the Cypriot National Guard. On July 20, Turkey invaded Cyprus, asserting its right to protect the Turkish Cypriot minority. Turkey gained control of 30% of northern Cyprus and displaced some 180,000 Greek Cypriots. A UN-sponsored cease-fire was established on July 22, and Turkish troops were permitted to remain in the north. In Dec. 1974, Makarios again assumed the presidency. The following year, the island was partitioned into Greek and Turkish territories separated by a UN-occupied buffer zone.
Turkish Cypriots proclaimed a separate state under Rauf Denktash in the northern part of the island on Nov. 15, 1983, naming it the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus." The UN Security Council, in its Resolution 541 of Nov. 18, 1983, declared this action illegal and called for withdrawal. No country except Turkey has recognized this entity.
In 1988, George Vassiliou, a conservative and critic of UN proposals to reunify Cyprus, became president. The purchase of missiles capable of reaching the Turkish coast evoked threats of retaliation from Turkey in 1997, and Cyprus's plans to deploy more missiles in Aug. 1999 again raised Turkey's ire.

Society and Culture

Communal life of North Cyprus is a lot colorful as its social values, traditions, customs and natural beauties vary extensively in a rich cultural context. Family relations and social events such as weddings, bayrams, circumcising ceremonies are very important events in the community as the families gather together on such days. Sense of social solidarity is also very high. Turkish Cypriots are well-known for their traditional characteristics such as hospitality and this is known very well throughout the world.
Refreshing cherries and lemonades freshly made of citrus products such as lemon and mandarin oranges are offered to guests at the balconies, in the gardens or in patios of houses in hot days of summers. House made desserts, most made of fruits and of walnut, are the most popular kind of foods to be offered to guests. The serving of such delicious deserts to guests requires a special ceremony of serving. The walnut desert is the most preferred one of all deserts as it is a unique symbol of Turkish Cypriot deserts. It is traditionally offered in a small bowl with small forks and with a cup of water.
Home made desserts and jams made of walnut, water melon, bergamot, fig, pumpkin, quince, orange, date, grape, strawberry, thorn apple, apple, plum and pear, and molasses made of carob and grapes are delicious traditional desserts that can be found at every home to be offered to guests.

Economy

The economy of Northern Cyprus is dominated by the services sector (69% of GDP in 2007), which includes the public sector, trade, tourism and education. Industry (light manufacturing) contributes 22% of GDP and agriculture 9%.[1]The economy operates on a free-market basis, with a significant portion of administration costs funded by Turkey. The TRNC uses the Turkish Lira as its currency, which links its economic situation to the Turkish economy.

Government

Republic. Mediation efforts by the UN seek to reunify the Greek and Turkish areas of the island under one federated system of government.

Living Conditions and Cost of Living

North Cyprus Universities offer affordable tuition and fees as well as accommodation charges, whilst North Cyprus offers moderate living expenses. Estimated average living expenses for international students are 350-600 USD per month.
Food and drinks bought from shops instead of eating out in restaurants can significantly be cheaper. An individual gets to spend around 100 USD every week for grocery items and beverages. All other shopping items as well as services are also very affordable in North Cyprus. Just to give you a broad idea, a haircut costs around 5 USD for men and 10 USD for women; a can of coke costs less than 1 USD and a Burger King meal costs around 5 USD. All in all, North Cyprus offer very affordable living conditions for students and this is among the top reasons why Cyprus is fast becoming a student hub for students from many different countries and cultures.

Education System

The educational system in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) can be broadly defined in four parts: Pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education.
I. Pre-School Education:  Pre-school education is provided by kindergardens and creches for    the children between the ages of 3 and 6
II. Primary Education: Primary education is provided at two stages. First stage (elementary school) is designed for the 7-12 age-group which lasts for five years and is free and compulsory. Second stage (secondary-junior) lasting for three years is intended for the 13-15 age group which is again free and compulsory.
III. Secondary Education: This is designed for the 16-18 age group and has a three year programme of instruction. It is provided by high schools known as Lyceés and vocational schools. The technical and vocational schools are comprised of commercial lyceés, technical training schools, agricultural vocational school, the school of nursing and mid-wifery, and the tourism and hotel management and catering school.
IV. Higher Education: In Northern Cyprus, the university education (Bachelors level) normally lasts 4 years (excepts subjects such as pharmacy, dentistry and medicine) and is provided by the following eight institutions:
Information  to International Students

SCHOLARSHIPS

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of National Education and Sports awards scholarships for international students based on their academic performance.

FULL SCHOLARSHIP

Tuition Fee + Dormitory Fee + Allowance (200 $*12 months) + Stationary Aid (120 Turkish Liras/Semester)

PARTIAL SCHOLARSHIP

Allowance (200 $*12 months) + Stationary aid (120 Turkish Liras/Semester)

APPLICATION CONDITION

Students studying or accepted to study in an undergraduate or graduate program in a university in TRNC may apply for the scholarship. Applications are accepted at the beginning of each semester; in September and in February.

Necessary documents that should be submitted are:

Application Form (filled and signed)
2 photographs
Copy of the passport
For undergraduate students – Student certificate
For Graduate students – Photocopies of degrees or diplomas already obtained together with an officially certified translation of those diplomas or degrees which are not in Turkish or in English

Transcripts of academic records

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