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Study in Belarus

Location and Geography

Future Secure Consultant Ltd Study in Belarus Picture 1

Much of Belarus (formerly the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR, and then Byelorussia) is a hilly lowland with forests, swamps, and numerous rivers and lakes. There are wide rivers emptying into the Baltic and Black seas. Its forests cover over one-third of the land and its peat marshes are a valuable natural resource. The largest lake is Narach, 31 sq mi (79.6 sq km).
Belarus is a country with a small population which is located in the continent/region of Europe.Countries near Belarus include Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Poland. Its biggest cities and towns include Minsk, Gomel, Hrodna and Brest.

Climate

Belarus has a moderate continental climate, with cool humid winters and warm summers
Average temperatures in Belarus
Average temperatures vary across Belarus. In January, temperatures average from -4.5°C to -8°C. In July the average temperature is +17°C to +18.5°C.
Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.
Rain and snow in Belarus
Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls from April to October.
Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with falls ranging from 15 to 30cm.

When is a good time to travel?

Belarus rarely experiences the extremes of temperature that can make travelling difficult.
Indeed, if you don’t mind the cold then it can be very beautiful to visit during the winter months.
If you prefer a warmer trip then you should go in the middle of the year (but take an umbrella just in case).

History and Population

 In the 5th century A.D. , Belarus (also known as White Russia) was colonized by east Slavic tribes. Kiev dominated it from the 9th to 12th century. After the destruction of Kiev by the Mongols in the 13th century, the territory was conquered by the dukes of Lithuania, although it retained a degree of autonomy. Belarus became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which merged with Poland in 1569. Following the partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793, and 1795, in which Poland was divided among Russia, Prussia, and Austria, Belarus became part of the Russian empire.

Following World War I, Belarus proclaimed itself a republic, only to find itself occupied by the Red Army soon after its March 1918 announcement. The Polish-Soviet War of 1918–1921 was fought to decide the fate of Belarus. West Belarus was ceded to Poland; the larger eastern part formed the Belorussian SSR, and was then joined to the USSR in 1922. In 1939, the Soviet Union took back West Belarus from Poland under the secret protocol of the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact and incorporated it into the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Occupied by the Nazis in World War II, Belarus was one of the war's most devastated battlefields.
When the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine exploded in 1986, 70% of its radioactive fallout fell on the Belorussian SSR. Cancer and other illnesses have multiplied as a result.

Government

Republic

Economy

Belarus’s economic freedom score is 49.8, making its economy the 153rd freest in the 2015 Index. Its overall score is 0.3 point lower than last year, reflecting declines in half of the 10 economic freedoms including investment freedom, the control of government spending, and fiscal freedom. Belarus is ranked 42nd among the 43 countries in the Europe region.

Despite this year’s decline, Belarus’s economic freedom score has improved by nearly 2 points over the past five years. Marked improvements in overall fiscal management and a decline in perceived corruption have bolstered overall economic freedom. However, the score decline in the 2015 Index has pushed the country back into the “repressed” category.

Belarus remains one of the world’s most controlled economies. The state directs or interferes in many areas of the economy. Proposed labor laws include a so-called serfdom decree that threatens to limit the free movement of agricultural workers. These policies, along with centralized state control and harsh redistribution, have stifled Belarus’s prosperity and economic freedom compared to the rest of Europe.

Education System

  • Structure of Educational System
  • Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition  of Foreign Credentials 
  • Student Life  
  • International Cooperation and Exchanges   

INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS

Types of higher education institutions:

  • University
  • Academy
  • Institute
  • Higher College

School leaving and higher education credentials:

  • Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii
  • Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii
  • Diploma of  Vocational Education
  • Bakalavr
  • Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii (First university level)
  • Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii (Second university level)
  • Magistr
  • Kandidat Nauk
  • Doktor Nauk

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM

  • Pre-higher education:
  • Duration of compulsory education:
  • Age of entry: 6
  • Age of exit: 15

Structure of school system:

  • Primary

Type of school providing this education: Primary School

  • Length of program in years: 4
  • Age level from: 6 to: 10

Basic

  • Type of school providing this education: Basic Secondary School
  • Length of program in years: 5
  • Age level from: 10 to: 15
  • Certificate/diploma awarded: Svidetel'stvo o Bazovom Obrazovanii (Certificate of Basic Education)

General Secondary

  • Type of school providing this education: Gymnasium, Lyceum, College
  • Length of program in years: 2
  • Age level from: 15 to: 17
  • Certificate/diploma awarded: Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Education)


Specialized Secondary

  • Type of school providing this education: Specialized Secondary School (Technicum)
  • Length of program in years: 4
  • Age level from: 15 to: 19
  • Certificate/diploma awarded: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii (Diploma of Specialized Secondary Education)

Vocational

  • Type of school providing this education: Vocational School
  • Length of program in years: 3
  • Age level from: 15 to: 18
  • Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma of Vocational Education (duration of studies 1 to 3 years depending on previous education: if after secondary school, only 1 year)

School education:

School education is divided into three levels: primary (4 years), basic (9 years) and secondary (11 years). A child can be admitted to school at 6 or 7 years of age. Primary education is given in primary schools, 1-4 grades in secondary schools and 1-4 grades in gymnasiums. Basic education is compulsory for all children. It is provided in basic schools, 5-9 classes of secondary schools and 5-9 classes of gymnasiums. At the end of basic education, a Certificate of Basic Education is awarded.9th grade graduates have three possibilities: 1) Third stage of school education (10-11th grades); 2) Vocational/technical establishments; 3) Technicums. In secondary education, pupils continue to study in secondary schools 10-11th grades, grammar schools or lyceums. School-leavers are given a Certificate of Secondary Education.General secondary education is provided by general secondary schools, gymnasiums, lyceums and colleges, as well as in first courses of specialised and technical schools. Gymnasiums provide general secondary education at a higher level. Lyceums provide vocationally-oriented education that completes general secondary education. As a rule, lyceums use the teachers and educational facilities of universities and research institutes. Colleges provide general secondary education that is strongly oriented towards vocational training and award qualifications of "special secondary education".  Vocational and technical education are provided by schools where students acquire professional and vocational skills together with general secondary education. Vocational and technical education complement the basic (9 years) education and general secondary education (11 years). In the former case, training lasts for three years  and leads to a particular trade. In the latter case, training lasts for one year and leads to students acquiring a trade. At present, there are 249 vocational-technical schools. Specialized secondary education lasts for two to four years depending on whether students have followed basic or general secondary education. Specialized secondary education establishments include technicums, technical schools and colleges. Colleges are a new type of institution in Belarus. They provide advanced specialist training. At present, there are 149 state specialized secondary education institutions, 55 technicums, 41 colleges, 53 intermediate occupational education institutions, 5 higher colleges and 7 non state specialized secondary education institutions. A General Secondary School Reform is being implemented. The new model of general secondary education will include three levels: 1-4 years of study (preparatory 1-3 classes) - primary general education; 5-10th years (4-9 classes) - basic general secondary education; 11-12th years of study (10-11 classes) - complete general secondary education. The new curriculum includes 17 teaching courses instead of 24-27. The maximum study load is from 30 to 40 class hours per week in basic and senior school stages. It is planned to make the third stage of secondary education a lyceum one with two-year periods of study corresponding to classes 10 and 11. It is planned to introduce 5 types of lyceums and gymnasiums: general, humanistic, scientific, artistic and polytechnic. The certificate of lyceum education gives right of admission to any higher education institution. In 2001/02 there were 86 gymnasiums, 25 lyceums and 5 colleges.

Higher education:

The Belarussian system of higher education includes educational, research and governing institutions that use unified official standards and rules in the processes of teaching, management, assessment and research. Higher education is provided by public (State) and private (non-State) accredited higher education institutions (HEIs). Education in public HEIs is free of charge for students who passed the entrance competition. In private HEIs, all students pay tuition fees. Higher education is under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, which is responsible for the accreditation and licensing of HEIs and developing and applying the State Educational Standards. Since 1994, the higher education system included: a diploma of higher education after 5 years of study (specialist diploma); a bachelor degree certificate after 5 years of study and a master after one additional year following the first degree. Now, the implementation of the two-level system of higher education is underway and comprises a Baklavar in 4 years and a Master or Specialist Diploma in one to two years depending on the field of study. In 2005, Belarus has 44 state higher education institutions (25 universities, 9 academies, 4 institutes, 5 colleges and 1 technical school) with 272,900 students; and 13 private higher education institutions with 163,500 full-time, 1,800 part-time and 107,600 distance students.

Main laws/decrees governing higher education:

  • Decree: Concept of the Development of Higher Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1998
  • Concerns: All higher education institutions
  • Decree: Law about the Studies of Foreign Citizens in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1993
  • Concerns: All higher education institutions
  • Decree: Law on Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 1991
  • Concerns: All higher education institutions.
  • Decree: Law on Education in the Republic of Belarus Year: 2001
  • Concerns: All higher education institutions
  • Decree: Regulation on Certification and Accreditation of Educational Institutions. Year: 1994
  • Concerns: All education instutions
  • Decree: Regulation on the Multi-level System of Belarus' Higher Education System Year: 1994
  • Concerns: All higher education institutions
  • Academic year:
  • Classes from: Sep to: Jul
  • Long vacation from: 1 Jul to: 31 Aug
  • Languages of instruction: Byelorussian, Russian

Stages of studies:

Non-university level post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):

Non-university level:

In Belarus, there are two levels of professional post-secondary education. The lower level is offered in Tekhnikums/uchilishche and colleges after basic general education and lasts from 2 to 3 years of study. The upper level is offered after secondary general education in Tekhnikums/uchilishche and colleges after basic general education and lasts from 2 to 3 years of study. Students from this level can then enter University in the same field of study and obtain up to two years of transfer credits.

University level studies:


University level first stage: Bakalavr:

From 2002, the first level of higher education is leading to the Bakalavr (Bachelor's degree). It provides with professional proficiency and entitles to work and take the positions for which a certain level of education is mandatory. The Bakalavr is awarded in all fields except in Medicine after defending a Diploma project and sitting for a final state exam. In Medicine, this first stage lasts for 6 years.


University level second stage: Specialist Diploma / Magistr:

The second level of higher education leads to the Specialist Diploma or the Magistr (Master's Degree) after one -or two years of study following upon the Bakalavr's degree.  Access to these programme is competitive. The Magistr is awarded after one year of study and the presentation and defence of a thesis. The Specialist Diploma (Diplom o Vyshem Obrazovanii) is awarded upon completion of at least one year's study after the Bakalavr or in five to six years' study beyond the Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii in some fields. The Specialist Diploma is a professional qualification that gives right to the exercice of professional activities and to apply for doctoral programmes.

University level third stage: Aspirantura and Doktorantura:

This stage corresponds to the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel. There is a two-level system of scientific degrees. The first is that of Candidate of Sciences. It requires at least 3 years of study in postgraduate courses, special examinations and the public defence of a thesis. Following this, the student is awarded the degree of Kandidat Nauk (Candidate of Sciences).The second level is that of Doctor of Sciences. Holders of the Kandidat Nauk can prepare a Doctorate. After following the required research programme, candidates are awarded the highest scientific degree of Doktor Nauk (Doctor of Sciences). The thesis is also defended in public.The Dissertation Councils are supervised by the State Supreme Certifying Committee (Vysshij Attestatsionnyj Komitet, VAK) of the Republic of Belarus.It is possible to do doctorate research and sit for a scientific degree while not following postgraduate courses. Higher education and research establishments support such persons and provide them with a supervisor.


Teacher education:

Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

Primary school teachers are trained at specialized secondary institutions (teacher-training schools and teacher-training colleges) where courses last for 3-4 years, and at the faculties of Pedagogy and Methods of Primary Education of pedagogical universities or institutes, where studies last for 4 to 5 years.

Training of secondary school teachers

Secondary school teachers are trained at specialized secondary education institutions and pedagogical universities and institutes. General secondary education or specialized secondary education is the condition of access to universities or institutes. The qualification awarded is teacher of ... (for example, teacher of Mathematics and Physics or teacher of Chemistry). Teachers for vocational secondary schools are trained in pedagogical higher education institutions, universities and in some technical higher education institutions where engineers-teachers are trained.

Training of higher education teachers

Higher education lecturers are trained in their specialities in institutes or universities and, after graduation, start their activity as assistant lecturers in order to gain practical experience in their areas of expertise. Every five years, they must enrol in up-grading courses to improve their teaching skills as well as their knowledge in the field. Furthermore, there is a system of training of scientific and pedagogical staff at post-graduate level.

Non-traditional studies:

Distance training is provided by virtual universities (through Internet) such as Hagen Correspondence University which provides studies leading to a Master of Humanities and started operating in Belarus in 1996. Students must hold a secondary school leaving certificate. There is no age restriction and no entrance examination. There are also franchising institutions which are branches of foreign higher education institutions functioning in Belarus.

Lifelong higher education

  • Lifelong education consists in external studies.
  • Higher education training in industry
  • Some upgrading courses for industrial workers and professionals of different branches of the national economy exist.

 

Foreign Students

International students obtain their higher education in universities, academies and institutes that are not only accredited, but also have a special license to teach foreign students. The Ministry of Education and Science of Belarus controls the quality of educational services done to foreign students.

International students are not obliged to start their study with the preparatory year.

Students from foreign countries are trained at faculties which are available at all medical universities of Belarus.

Practical training for students are organized in research and clinical medical centers, specialized clinics, regional and city hospitals and out-patients clinics where all of necessary conditions for specialists training are present.

Information Specific to International Students

Documents required for admission at Belarus Higher Education Provider:

  • An application form filled in English or Russian
  • A legally verified copy of the Certificate of secondary education and a list of studied subjects and examination grades.
  • A copy of passport and a copy of birth certificate.
  • A notarized copy of standard medical certificate issued by the official health care agency in the applicant's home country. A chest X-ray is required to certify that there is no active tuberculosis.
  • A certificate of a negative HIV-infection reaction issued by an official health care establishment of the candidate's native country.
  • A personal bank account statement (or the sponsor’s bank account statement) showing at least $700 per month of stay.
  • A notarized letter from the sponsor (parents, legal guardians, other) assuming full financial responsibility.
  • 3. Application package. On arrival international students submit a complete set of original documents, including:
  • Passport with an entry visa to the Republic of Belarus.
  • An application form.
  • A signed contract on education between Brest State Technical University and a foreign applicant.
  • A legally verified copy of birth certificate.
  • A certificate of secondary education and a list of studied subjects and examination grades.
  • Certificate of a negative HIV-infection reaction issued by an official health care establishment of the candidate's native country.
  • A medical certificate issued by a national health care establishment of his/her native country certifying the absence of contraindications for studies under the climatic conditions of the Republic of Belarus.
  • A medical certificate issued by a health care establishment in the Republic of Belarus.
  • A medical insurance policy.
  • A pre-university course certificate (for undergraduate first-year entrants).
  • 8 (eight) photos, 3x4 cm.
  • A vaccination certificate.
  • Please, note! You submit both the original documents and their notarized Russian translations(including the translation of your passport).

Finance

University tuition fees are payable by all students within 7 days after signing an academic  contract.

 Accommodation

International students are offered accommodation in one of the several campus–based dormitories: 2-or 3- bed rooms at $60* per person per month. Students share facilities (lavatories, kitchens) with Belarussian and international students.
        *Acadenic fees are liable to change according to city communal rates

 Financial requirements for cost of Living:

Foreigners entering the Republic of Belarus are required to have an amount of 731 USD per each month of stay.

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